Look on the Halabja dialect try supported by a letter
c) The fresh new east Jewish languages share multiple have: ultimate stress (1), transform away from [Theta] to a single (4), reinterpretation regarding verb group just like the figure (5), and reflexive pronouns predicated on nos- (17). Speaking of areal possess and that period the basic split between Halabja towards one-hand and you can Koy Sanjaq and Azerbaijan towards other. This is not clear in which dialect all of them starts, but they are probably lent from a single toward anyone else rather than passed down in common.
These types of three biggest clusters from isoglosses depict merely a tiny area of your own evidence and that is taken to incur with the taxonomy of one’s NENA languages. Hoberman (1988, 573), playing with proof from pronouns, shows the existence of a north Iraqi dialect classification (here portrayed from the Zakho, Tisqopa, and you can Aradhin) and this cannot be perceived based on the limited investigation presented right here. What is needed now could be one another fuller definitions of languages already documented, to make sure that more prevalent and you can distinguishing functions can be obtained, and have field work so you can record the many dialects which are for the brink out-of extinction.
step one Thank you so much are caused by individuals who shared research and you may guidance, such as for example Gene Gragg, Robert Hoberman, and you will Jo Rubba. Elizabeth.H. june stipend.
Like, f and you can g had been chose during the conditions such as etrog ‘citron’ and you will sefer ‘scroll of your own law’, where regarding inherited Aramaic words f would have become p and you may grams could have gone away
3 Garbell (1964, 100-103) says that audio system of Jewish Azerbaiaic of Kurdish. Her number 1 facts because of it is the enunciation out-of Hebrew mortgage-terms and conditions contained in this dialect. Hebrew loanwords during the Jewish Azerbaijani retain some musical which were removed otherwise merged with individuals regarding the preferred Neo-Aramaic vocabulary. Garbell says that these retentions show these particular Hebrew terms and conditions was in fact lent originally inside Kurdish, and that a small grouping of Kurdish audio system later on moved on to Neo-Aramaic. It appears to be likely to be that Hebrew points from the dialect don’t participate in brand new voice changes in matter on account of the brand new special spiritual register to which they belong. They might have changed following come recovered for the basis of your own antique enunciation off nearby organizations.
cuatro A raised + reveals that the second keyword is actually obvious to the suprasegmental function ’emphasis’ that’s located to some extent in every NENA languages. Phonetically, importance is actually state-of-the-art, however, their top parts was velarization, and is usually as a result of the existence of the brand new emphatic consonants t and you will s.
7 Regarding dialect regarding Tyari [Theta] usually gets s. Which dialect, which had been verbal before 1915 from inside the a local of Hakkari, isn’t chatted about here while the content with it is actually diminished.
8 That isn’t clear whether or not this form is available from inside the the latest Halabja dialect. My informants from that point realized it, however, told you it was a whole lot more characteristic of one’s nearby town of Suleimaniya. In any case, it is unknown on the dialect of the Jews out of Sanandaj.
9 Robert Hoberman implies in my opinion your NENA models could possibly get currently have came from an enthusiastic unattested metathesized age[Theta]peel ezdi.
Boyarin, Daniel. 1981. For the Bono Homini Donum: Essays for the Historical Linguistics inside Memories away from J. Alexander Kerns, ed. Yoel L. Arbeitman and you will Allan R. Bomhard. Amsterdam Degree about Concept and Reputation for Linguistic Technology, show IV. Most recent Affairs inside Linguistic Concept 16. Part II, 613-44. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
An inquiry for the Formation of Center Aramaic Languages
Garbell, Irene. 1964. Apartment Terms and you can Syllables into the Jewish Eastern This new Aramaic from Persian Azerbaijan additionally the Continguous Districts (A problem of Multilingualism). When you look at the Education in the Egyptology and Linguistics honoring H. J. Polotsky, ed. H. B. Rosen, 86-103. Jerusalem: Israel Mining Neighborhood.